TExES Reading Specialist (151) Practice Test & Study Guide

What Are the TExES Exams?

The Texas Examinations of Educator Standards, or TExES exams, are a suite of subject-specific exams. These tests are used by the state of Texas to examine prospective teachers' knowledge and skills in a given content area. Aspiring teachers must pass the certification exam for their content area in order to obtain teacher certification in the field. Every teacher in Texas must take these exams, and many take these exams during their educator preparation program (EPP). TExES exams are available in a wide range of fields, as well as for different age ranges. For example, prospective science teachers may take the TExES Science 4-8 or TExES Science 7-12 exam. Other TExES subject areas include music, art, mathematics, social studies, dance, and more.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

Texas Reading Specialist Exam (TExES 151)

The Texas Reading Specialist Exam (TExES 151) is the exam that prospective teachers in Texas must pass to earn certification as a reading specialist. The exam needs to be taken prior to earning Reading Specialist certification in Texas, generally near the end of an EPP. This assessment measures aspiring teachers' knowledge and abilities specific to teaching children how to read and further develop their reading skills. The computer-based exam contains 100 selected-response questions that must be completed in 5 hours. The exam covers several different domains and competencies, discussed in greater detail below.

Domain I: Instruction and Assessment - Components of Literacy

The first domain of the Reading Specialist exam, Instruction and Assessment: Components of Literacy, makes up around 57% of the total exam. This portion of the exam is designed to test the components of the reading standard for reading specialists. This standard states that prospective teachers should understand the components of reading through all developmental stages of both oral and written language. Test-takers should also have experience with teaching reading from early childhood to the 12th grade. Specific competencies that may be tested include:

  • Oral language
  • Phonological and phonemic awareness
  • Concepts of print and alphabetic principle
  • Word identification
  • Fluency
  • Comprehension
  • Vocabulary development
  • Written language

Domain II: Instruction and Assessment - Resources and Procedures

The Instruction and Assessment: Resources and Procedures domain makes up 14% of the total exam. This domain focuses on the reading specialist standard stating that specialists should know how to use integrated literacy assessments and instruction that meets the various learning needs of all of their students. Prospective teachers will be tested on the following competencies:

  • Assessment
  • Instructional methods and resources

Within each competency, potential educators will be tested on their skills and knowledge pertaining to the subject. For example, questions measuring teachers' knowledge of assessment may ask about the procedures used to monitor students' progress, while the instructional methods and resources questions may ask about the different tools available to address students' different learning styles.

Domain III: Meeting the Needs of Individual Students

The Meeting the Needs of Individual Students domain also makes up 14% of the total Reading Specialist exam. This domain tests aspiring teachers' knowledge of the standard that addresses students' different needs and strengths. The standard also discusses language acquisition and various reading difficulties, such as dyslexia. Prospective teachers should be prepared to answer questions pertaining to the following competencies:

  • Instruction for English-Language Learners
  • Instruction for students with reading difficulties, dyslexia, and reading disabilities

Both of these competencies test teachers' knowledge for children in early childhood through the 12th grade. Understanding current laws and regulations pertaining to children with difficulties and disabilities falls into this domain.

Domain IV: Professional Knowledge and Leadership

The final domain, Professional Knowledge and Leadership, makes up the final 14% of the exam. The standard that this domain addresses talks about teachers' ability to prepare appropriate reading/literacy curriculum for students and participate in planning professional development programs, as well as take on leadership roles within these activities. Essentially, this domain measures future professionals' abilities to communicate and work with others, further their knowledge and skills in the field, and prepare literacy curriculum and assessment based off of current research being conducted in the field. Specific competencies in this domain address:

  • Theoretical foundations and research-based curriculum
  • Collaboration, communication, and professional development

Taking the TExES Reading Specialist Test

Once prospective teachers know that they need to take the TExES Reading Specialist exam, they need to register for the exam and begin to prepare. There are several steps that need to be completed during the registration process, as well as several TExES resources available to help aspiring teachers study and prepare for the exam. We discuss these factors in greater detail below.

Registering for the TExES Reading Specialist Exam

For TExES exam registration, test-takers must register for the TExES Reading Specialist exam through their Pearson testing account. Through this account, they will be able to select the Reading Specialist exam and search for TExES Reading Specialist exam dates based on their desired testing location. Test dates are offered continuously, and at the time of registration, prospective teachers can also schedule their exam with their chosen testing location. Test-takers will also be required to pay the $116 exam fee associated with the Reading Specialist exam when they register. In order to qualify for registration, candidates must earn approval to test, which is typically given by a candidate's EPP. Out-of-state candidates will earn approval from the Texas Education Agency (TEA).

What to Expect on TExES Reading Specialist Exam Day

Prior to taking the TExES Reading Specialist exam, prospective teachers should verify their testing site and ensure that they have 2 approved forms of identification. On the day of the exam, test-takers need to bring their 2 forms of identification and arrive at least 15 minutes early. Other personal items are not allowed in the testing room, such as food or drink, phones, printed materials, visitors, and more. Test-takers who do not adhere to test site rules may have their TExES scores cancelled. Since the exam is computer-based, students will spend 15 minutes of the 5-hour exam watching a tutorial and filling out an agreement form.

TExES Reading Specialist Study Guide and Prep Materials

Since prospective teachers have a limited number of retakes available as per the TExES exam retake policy, they should be sure to study and prepare for the exam. One resource is the TExES study guides provided by the Texas Educator Certification Examination Program. The TExES Reading Specialist preparation manual discusses the format of the exam and each domain and its competencies in detail. There is a study plan, and it also has sample questions for the exam, which can essentially serve as a TExES Reading Specialist practice test.

Expert Contributor

Amy Lopez

Amy Lopez, M.A. is a high school teacher with over 8 years of experience teaching Family Consumer Science Education. She has passed the TExES PPR exam and the Praxis Family and Consumer Science Exam. Amy completed a B.S. in Family Consumer Sciences from Tarleton State University, an M.A. in Teaching from Grand Canyon University, and an Education Specialist degree from Northcentral University.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How do I get a reading specialist certification?

    In order to obtain a Reading Specialist certification in Texas, aspiring teachers must pass the TExES Reading Specialist exam. They also need to meet other state education requirements.

  • How many times can you take a TExES exam?

    Students can take the Texas Reading Specialist exam or any other TExES exam up to 5 times. This includes the initial exam and up to 4 retakes.

  • How do I become a certified dyslexia teacher in Texas?

    All teachers in Texas need to earn a bachelor's degree, complete an educator preparation program (EPP), and pass their designated certification exam. Dyslexia falls under Reading Specialist certification in Texas, so teachers must pass the Reading Specialist exam.


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  1. Which of the following types of vocabulary words are specific to a particular hobby?
    • Correct Answer
  2. Which is NOT a form of student self-assessment?
    • Correct Answer
  3. What does it mean to make connections between concepts?
    • Correct Answer
  4. What are phonemes?
    • Correct Answer
  5. What do children gain through oral language?
    • Correct Answer
  6. Which assessment is used to measure accuracy and rate?
    • Correct Answer
  7. What does it mean to teach sight words in context?
    • Correct Answer
  8. Which of the following can read-alouds help with?
    • Correct Answer
  9. Physical disabilities _____.
    • Correct Answer
  10. Withdrawing a reinforcement that leads to behaviors stopping is called:
    • Correct Answer
  11. Stage ____ of punctuation development involves being able to use complex punctuation, and coincides with stage four of grammar development.
    • Correct Answer
  12. How can teachers modify what they teach, how they teach it, and how they assess?
    • Correct Answer
  13. Which of the following is TRUE about ability tests?
    • Correct Answer
  14. What is the basic idea behind teacher mentoring programs?
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  15. Which is true about dyslexia?
    • Correct Answer