Praxis® Elementary Education: Science (5005) Practice Test & Study Guide

What Is the Praxis II Science 5005?

For elementary school teachers to earn their certification or licensure for teaching, they must take a series of exams that test their knowledge, skills, and teaching abilities. This is to ensure that future educators are delivering quality instruction to students that follow clear guidelines for educational development. The Praxis Elementary Science exam is one subtest of the Praxis Elementary Education Multiple Subjects. The Science 5005 Praxis test can be taken separately from the other subtests, but still counts as part of the exam overall, meaning candidates will need to pass this Praxis test to earn licensure, even if they performed well on the other subtests. The Elementary Education Science Praxis 5005 subtest covers basic science concepts in the three main scientific areas: earth, life, and physical science.

Overview of the Praxis II Science Test

The Praxis 2 Science 5005 exam is designed to assess whether a candidate has the knowledge and skills needed for teaching science at the elementary school level. The test lasts for 60 minutes. Candidates will take this Praxis exam on a computer and answer a total of 55 questions. All of the questions provided are multiple-choice and candidates will be able to use an on-screen scientific calculator. Students will be expected to understand how to use the calculator before the test. The test covers life, earth, and physical sciences at the elementary level; the questions are similar to what would be covered in an elementary education bachelor's degree.

A certain number of questions on the test are dedicated to each type of science. Seventeen to eighteen questions are dedicated to earth science, eighteen to nineteen questions are dedicated to life science, and eighteen to nineteen questions are dedicated to physical science. This way, each section of questions makes up for about 33% of the exam, allowing each type of science an equal section. Although all the questions are multiple-choice, the answers to some questions may be formatted differently. For example, instead of choosing an answer by clicking on a small circle next to it, candidates may check boxes, select an answer from a drop-down menu, or drag and drop answer choices onto a portion of text, a graph, or a table.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

What Is Covered on the Praxis II Science 5005?

While there are many types of sciences taught in schools, science at the elementary school level is more about understanding basic concepts. The Praxis 5005 Science subtest of Praxis 5001 covers life, earth, and physical sciences. Candidates will have to demonstrate that they understand these sciences on a level that is appropriate for teaching elementary-aged children. This Praxis teacher test covers several fundamental concepts within these 3 sciences. A few include the origin of Earth, Earth's patterns and cycles, the structure of Earth's system, the structure and function of living systems, personal health, such as nutrition and infectious diseases, the different forms of energy, and physical and chemical processes. The exam may also test candidates on how well they understand science as a process, among other things.

Earth Science

The earth science portion of the test covers numerous topics that explain how the Earth came to be, how it functions, and the different systems that are a part of the earth and the universe that enable the earth to work the way it does. A few topics this portion of the test covers can include:

  • Structure, properties, and processes of the earth's system, such as the solid earth, hydrosphere, and atmosphere
  • The history of the Earth, such as its origins, paleontology, and rock records
  • The structure of Earth and the universe, such as stars, solar system, planets, galaxies, and the relationships between the Earth, Sun, and Moon
  • How the Earth changes, its cycles, and patterns

The test is also designed to measure whether candidates understand the following:

  • How science is a career, a human endeavor, and a process
  • How science requires inquiry, such as questioning, gathering data, and drawing logical conclusions
  • How to use scientific resources and research materials
  • How the process of science is a unified system

Life Science

The life science portion of the test covers several areas related to biological systems on Earth as well as in humans, animals, and plants from a microscopic level to entire ecosystems. The test is designed to measure whether candidates understand the following:

  • How living systems, such as cells, tissues and organs, and life processes, are structured and how they function
  • The processes of reproduction and hereditary traits, such as growth and development, how traits are inherited through patterns, and heredity on a molecular basis
  • How living things change over time, such as natural selection, life cycles, adaptations, and mutations
  • The behavior and regulation of living systems, such as life cycles, controlling the internal environment, and responses to external stimuli
  • How living systems are unified and diverse, as well as classification of living organisms and adaptation
  • How organisms are interdependent, such as ecosystems, communities, and populations of living things
  • The personal health of humans, including nutrition, substance abuse, and communicable diseases

Physical Science

The physical science portion of the test covers numerous areas related to physical forces and anatomy, and how those forces interact with each other, the Earth, and how those forces and interactions affect life for humans. The test is designed to measure whether candidates understand the following:

  • The structure of matter, physical and chemical properties, including changes in physical/chemical states, solutions, and mixtures, and atoms and elements
  • How forces and motions work, including types of motion and the laws of motion, forces, and equilibrium
  • The different forms of energy, how it is transferred and conserved, as well as how simple machines work
  • The different interactions of energy and matter, including magnetism, electricity, and sound, among others

Like the other portions of the test, candidates will need to demonstrate that they understand the importance of science as a fundamental concept that works in diverse and unifying ways, and how to use scientific materials, research, and resources.

How to Register for the Praxis II Science Exam

There are 3 different ways to register for the Praxis II science 5005 exam: online, by mail, and by phone. Each registration method has its own guidelines and length of time to complete the process.

Praxis online registration is one of the quicker methods. To start, you will need to create a Praxis account or log in to one if you already have one. A verifiable e-mail address will be required to create an account. Once you're in your account, you can click the register option and select which test you need to take. After that, you can schedule the date and location of your test. If you choose to test at a Praxis testing center, you will need to print out an admission ticket. Lastly, you must pay a registration fee with a credit/debit card, eCheck, or PayPal; the registration fee for the Praxis 5005 science test is $64.

To register for Praxis exam by mail, you must complete the Test Authorization Voucher Request Form and mail it to the appropriate place. Once it's been processed, you will receive a voucher number and instructions on how to complete registration. It can take 3 weeks for the voucher to be delivered. If you are taking the Praxis licensure exam at a center, you will have to print out an admission ticket; it will not be mailed to you.

To register by phone, you must already have a Praxis testing account and plan to test at a Praxis testing center. Registering by phone costs an extra $35. At least four days before the test date, call ETS to pay the Praxis II fees.

Praxis test dates and locations will be available for you to search when you register, but you can also look them up by using the Praxis Test Dates and Locations Tool. On test day, it's important to follow the rules and guidelines for Praxis testing, which include:

  • Arrive 30 minutes before the start of the test
  • Take the required identification and documents with you, and make sure the names match the name you used to register
  • Phones, watches, and technology of any kind are prohibited at the Praxis testing center
  • Don't bring any personal items unless you have been approved to receive Praxis accommodations
  • Remain in the test center building, even during allotted breaks, until you are dismissed

Violation of any of these rules could result in being dismissed from taking the Praxis exam and not receiving a refund.

How to Prepare for the Praxis Science 5005

There are numerous ways to prepare for the Praxis science exam, as well as various resources that you can use to build a good system. One way to prepare for the exam is to use a Praxis 5005 study guide that includes Praxis test sample questions and study tips. The first step is to understand the types of questions that will be asked, such as multiple-choice or constructed response, and the subjects that will be covered. This is where a Praxis science 5005 study guide can provide some help. Once you're familiar with the material that you will be required to know, you can start studying with intention.

A great way to get started is to create a study plan. Give yourself enough time to learn the material before you plan to take the exam. For example, you could decide that you will take the exam at a certain Praxis II exam schedule in the future, and then create a schedule to stick to that will enable you to be prepared by the time the exam comes. This schedule should be unique to you and your individual needs, but should also help keep you on track. Maybe you study 3 times a week, or you study on weekends or every other day. Joining a Praxis prep course or a study group can help you stay on track if you work better with others. But it is also important to remember to take breaks.

Praxis II Science 5005 Practice Test

An elementary science Praxis practice test is a valuable tool for studying. While study guides help you learn, understand, and memorize the material, a Praxis practice test can help you understand what test day may be like. Answering questions from a study guide can help, but simulating the real test experience with a practice test can prepare you in several different ways.

Firstly, a practice test can tell you what areas you need the most work on, so then you can maximize your study time by only working on what you need to. Similarly, if you're studying with a group, practice tests can help instructors or group members create a new study plan for the Praxis examination. For example, say you're studying with one partner in a group. You both take a practice test and discover that they need work in the life science portion, and you need work in the physical science portion. Based on this, you could pair up with a new study partner who also needs work in the physical science portion, that way you can study together more efficiently.

Answering Praxis 2 practice questions from multiple practice tests over a period of time can not only ease test anxiety but can also help you retain more information since you are not cramming at the last minute. A Praxis 5005 practice test pdf can be helpful, but to simulate the real experience of taking the Praxis test, try taking an interactive practice test.

How is the Praxis II Science Test Scored?

A Praxis 5005 passing score is determined by each individual state or institution. Before taking the test, it is important to look for the Praxis state requirements for test scores. The Praxis elementary science test is all multiple-choice questions, so the scoring process is a little simpler. Once you've completed the test on the computer, it will calculate how many questions you've answered correctly. This number is your raw score. So, if you've answered 55 out of 60 questions correctly, your raw score is 55. This number is then converted to a scaled score that is representative of the difficulty of the test. The scaled score is what you see on your Praxis score report.

You will receive your scores at a designated schedule after your Praxis test dates on your Praxis account. Your score report tells you what your score is, whether you've passed, the range of possible scores, and the highest score you've earned in the last 10 years if you've taken the same test multiple times. Since many tests, the Science 5005 exam included, are divided into content categories, you may also receive your raw score for each category. This can help you learn what areas you need to work on more if you want to study or attempt a Praxis retake.

Expert Contributor

Nadim Tabsch

Nadim Tabsch is an adjunct English professor with over 15 years of experience. He has deep expertise in Literacy and Social Sciences and has been an educator at the elementary, middle school, high school, and collegiate level. Nadim graduated with a B.S. in Elementary Education from Barry University and a Master's degree in Literacy from the University of New England.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is the Praxis 2 test hard?

    The Praxis 2 test can seem difficult, but as long as you create a study plan, you can pass. Try a Praxis 2 Science 5005 practice test or study guide to help you prepare.

  • How many questions can you miss on the Praxis and still pass?

    A Praxis 5005 passing score is determined by each state, you will need to look up your state's requirements on the ETS website.

  • Is the Praxis Elementary content hard?

    The Praxis Elementary Science content may be hard for first-time learners, but after enough studying and practice, you can master the material.

  • Is the Science Praxis hard?

    The Praxis Elementary Science exam does not have to be hard if you prepare yourself with the right study plan and materials.


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  1. The fact that for every action that takes place there is an equal and opposite reaction is a summary of which of Newton's laws?

    • Correct Answer
  2. Which occurs if an atom absorbs a photon?

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  3. If kinetic energy is converted to heat energy in a closed system you would expect that system's total energy to

    • Correct Answer
  4. An electrical current is measured in

    • Correct Answer
  5. Materials that do not go through demagnetization are called what?

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  6. What is the equation for work?

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  7. What is the definition of power in terms of physics?

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  8. Which will result in negative work?

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  9. A ball is thrown straight up into the air. When it reaches the highest point, right before it begins to fall back down, you would expect the ball to have

    • Correct Answer
  10. In the water cycle, after water evaporates it is most likely to
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  11. Eutrophication is an ecological process that

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  12. Which of the following is not a form of precipitation?

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  13. Which of the following are infrared waves created by?

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  14. Which of the following is the force which draws objects towards the center of a body?

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  15. What is the force that attracts two physical bodies with mass together?

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