Praxis® Elementary Education (5001) Practice Test & Study Guide

Praxis Elementary Education (5001) Practice Test & Exam

The Praxis 2 is a suite of tests required by most states before a student teacher can gain licensure to work as a teacher. These tests range from advanced mathematics to sign language to the test in question: the Praxis Elementary Education (5001). All Praxis 2 subject tests are developed by educators and administrators to ensure that teachers have the domain knowledge they require to teach that subject. Each of the Praxis 2 tests is specific to a certain kind of educator role and is then refined by the company ETS to ensure the Praxis test is fair and valid for its stated purpose.

What is the Praxis II Elementary Education Exam?

As elementary educators have to teach all subjects to their young students, many state licensing and education agencies require candidates to achieve the Praxis passing scores for the Praxis Elementary Education (5001) test before gaining professional licensure as teachers in their state. The questions in this Praxis exam are all intended to evaluate the knowledge you typically gain in an elementary education bachelor's degree program.

The Praxis 5001 includes four subtests of different core subjects, each covering a domain of elementary teaching knowledge: reading & language arts, mathematics, social studies, and science. The Praxis 5001 test questions are all selective answer or numeric entry and are aimed at generalist elementary teachers teaching primary through to upper elementary grades. You might choose to go to a Praxis testing center to take the test. However, there is also an option to take the Praxis test at home. Selective answer questions are multiple-choice questions where you will click your answer choice. For numeric entry answers, you will likely type your answer into a box. Testing centers should allow you to bring scratch paper into the testing room to take notes as you work,

Taking the Praxis II Elementary Education Exam

The Praxis 5001 test is a single test broken into four subsections. Each Praxis Elementary Education subsection has its own time limit and number of questions. There is an approximate total of 245 questions on the test as a whole. There are Praxis accommodations available for qualifying test-takers. The Praxis test for elementary teachers is taken on a computer in a testing facility, and you are given four and a half hours in which to complete it. Each state has its own Praxis passing scores, and you will inform the test site of these states before you begin.


The Praxis test for elementary education is composed of four subject subtests, each with its own test number, time, and subsets of questions. Elementary educators are responsible for most of their students' content education, so a strong foundation in the four teaching areas is required for licensure before you can begin teaching. States have their own requirements for Praxis scores, and Praxis test is required in over 40 states.

Science Section

The 5005 Science subtest has approximately 55 questions, with three sections evenly divided at about 33% each for a 60-minute test. Earth Science has 17-18 questions, Life Science has 18-19 questions, and Physical Science has 18-19. The Praxis testing center will provide an on-screen scientific calculator for use during the test.

Each of the subsections tests specific skills and knowledge. They focus on fundamental science concepts as commonly taught to elementary school students. The Earth Science subsection features questions on planetary structures and systems, geological history and processes, and the Earth's place in the universe. Life Science focuses on structure and function, reproduction and heredity, regulation and evolution. The Physical Science section involves chemical structures and properties, forces and motions, and energy and matter. All three sections test skills and knowledge about science as a process, an inquiry, a series of systems, and a human endeavor.

All of the test questions are intended to reflect the National Science Teacher Association (NSTA) standards and the National Science Education Standards (NSES). All of the questions are of the selected response type.

Reading/ELA Section

There are approximately 80 questions in the 5002 section of the Praxis 5001. 47% of those questions (approximately 38) are in reading competencies, with 53% of them (approximately 42) in writing, speaking, and listening education competencies. The 5002 section of the Praxis test for elementary teachers lasts 90 minutes.

The questions were created by reading specialists and language arts teachers and align with the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). While most of the questions are single-selection multiple-choice, there are also other formats such as multiple-selection and grids. All of the questions are intended to reflect the typical knowledge and competencies of a new elementary teacher.

The Reading section contains questions about foundational skills such as phonological awareness and literacy, common teaching components such as sight words and roots, as well as the role of fluency in reading comprehension. The rest of this section involves text interpretation for literature and nonfiction, including how to identify details and theme, infer and use supporting evidence, how texts are structured across genres, point-of-view. and text complexity. The Writing, Speaking, and Listening section focuses on characteristics of effective writing, tools and research, grammar and syntax conventions, and oral presentation.

Social Studies Section

The 60-minute Praxis 5004 Social Studies subtest for elementary education features approximately 60 questions divided into 3 questions. The first section is United States History, Government, and Citizenship, with 27 questions (about 45% of the subtest). Second is Geography, Anthropology, and Sociology, with 18 questions (30% of the test). The final subsection is World History and Economics, which has 15 questions (25% of the test). All of the questions are single-selection response and cover what is typically taught in an elementary education bachelor's degree program. They have been created to align with Standard 2e of the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education's (NCATE) Elementary Teacher Preparation Standards, which requires candidates to have a firm understanding of various subfields of social studies to help students at this grade level. There are no state-specific history questions in this Praxis exam, as the test is used in multiple states for teacher qualification.

Knowledge and competencies tested here include the history of the United States from the time of initial European exploration, through the major events and documents up to the present, about twentieth-century transformations, through basic government knowledge and citizenship. It will also cover global history and geography, human interaction with the environment, basic economics, cultural diversity, and community.


With approximately 50 questions, the Mathematics 5003 subtest has 3 sections covering elementary math. Numbers and Operations has 20 questions (40% of the subtest), while Algebraic Thinking has 15 (30%). The final section covers Geometry & Measurement Data, Statistics, and Probability, with 15 questions (30%). On-screen calculators are available at the Praxis testing centers, and you will have 65 minutes to complete the subtest. The Mathematics questions are derived from multiple national mathematics standards. It focuses on fundamental concepts, logical reasoning, and problem solving. The test is a mixture of selected-response questions and numeric entry questions.

This Praxis test consists of questions about place value, rational number operations and properties, basic number theory and strategies. It will cover basic algebraic thinking such as expressions and equations, linear equations and inequalities, and number patterns. Lastly, it will also cover geometric figures and problems such as perimeter and volume, graphing coordinate planes, measurement, basic statistics such as means and medians, data presentations, and probability.

Be sure not to round any intermediate numbers as you calculate, and be aware that multiple-choice answers may be rounded, so figures might not exactly match your calculated result.

Understanding Raw and Converted Scores

All of the questions are scored immediately, so your raw score should be available on the screen, while the availability of your Praxis score report would take 2 to 3 weeks. They will send your scores to whichever organizations you noted during Praxis registration. Your final Praxis 5001 scores show all four of the subtest numbers, broken down into subsections. Your raw score is simply how many questions you answered in each of the subsections of the four content categories. For example, the Math subtest has 50 questions. If you have a raw score of 47 out of 50 across the 3 subsections, you can then divide your raw score by the raw total and multiply by 100 to get a percentage (47/50 x 100 = 94%) to give you an idea of your success.

These raw scores are then converted to a final scaled score based on the relative difficulty of the test questions you have taken, as there are multiple forms of all Praxis tests. It will also show the typical range of scores for Praxis 5001 test takers. Praxis scores are valid for ten years after the test-taking date. The official scaled scores have a range of 100-200, and you can consult the Praxis state requirements to find your own scoring target.

Study Resources

There are multiple Praxis 5001 study guides online with materials to aid you in the test subsections. These Praxis study guides for elementary education can assist you in building on your existing knowledge in the content subtest areas. Praxis 5001 practice tests will give you computer-based real-time practice in test taking, as well as content experience. They feature Praxis test sample questions similar to those given in the actual exam and can be useful before you go to the Praxis testing center. There are also study books available for the 5001 and its subtests, which might also come with a Praxis multiple subject 5001 practice test in the book or as additional digital content online.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

Expert Contributor

Daniel Bal

Daniel Bal, M.S. Ed. has over 12 years of experience as a high school English teacher. As an educator, he has developed and executed curriculum that revolves around the creative process and the practical application of reading and writing. He continues to focus on helping the educational community by working as a content developer and academic researcher. Daniel earned his M.S. in Secondary English Education at Duquesne University and his B.A. in English and Philosophy from Penn State University.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How many questions are on the Praxis 5001?

    There are approximately 245 questions on the Praxis Elementary Education: Multiple Subjects (5001) exam. These questions are broken down into roughly 80 questions in the Reading and Language Arts subtest (5002), 50 questions in the Mathematics subtest (5003), 60 questions in the Social Studies subtest (5004), and 55 questions in the Science subtest (5005).

  • What is on the Praxis 5001 test?

    The Praxis Elementary Education (5001) test is a multi-subject exam composed of subtests in Reading and Language Arts, Mathematics, Social Studies, and Science. The Reading and Language Arts subtest is divided into two sections: reading and writing, speaking, and listening. The Mathematics subtest contains items testing knowledge related to numbers and operations; algebraic thinking; and geometry, measurement, data, statistics, and probability. The Social Studies subtest is made up of categories including U.S. history, government, and citizenship; geography, anthropology, and sociology; and world history and economics. Finally, the Science subtest presents questions divided evenly among Earth science, life science, and physical science.

  • What is the passing score for Praxis 5001?

    The passing score for the Praxis Elementary Education (5001) exam varies by state and by subtest. For example, the required score in New Jersey, Vermont, and Delaware varies by subtest, with a minimum score of 155-159 for each. Information on minimum passing scores for each state may be found on the ETS website and each state's Department of Education website.


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  1. In the 1860 election, while Lincoln earned 180 electoral votes, which won the election, who received the second most electoral votes?

    • Correct Answer
  2. Which of the following best clarifies the definition of paraphrasing during active listening?

    • Correct Answer
  3. Which of the following component of tobacco makes smoking addictive?

    • Correct Answer
  4. A person purchases 23 tax-free bags of rice totaling $74.75. What is the cost per item?

    • Correct Answer
  5. Which impacts the amount of radiation Earth receives from the sun?

    • Correct Answer
  6. Which of the following best describes the polygon above?

    • Correct Answer
  7. Line segment AC has a length of {eq}23 {/eq}. Solve for the value of x.

    • Correct Answer
  8. A scientist conducts an experiment to test which type of ball will bounce the highest. Which of the following is the independent variable in the experiment?

    • Correct Answer
  9. Goodwin is working on a history paper and needs to cite a single page of a work by Abraham Lincoln within the body of his paper. Which of the following is the correct method to cite the page if Goodwin is using the APA method of citations?

    • Correct Answer
  10. Which of the following binomial nomenclatures is correctly written?

    • Correct Answer
  11. A sled sits at the top of a snow hill, then is pushed down. After sliding down the hill, the sled eventually comes to a stop at the bottom. Which type of contact force most slowed the sled down?

    • Correct Answer
  12. When a person takes known information to draw a conclusion they are using what skill?

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  13. A company has just released a new product and they want to ensure that the demand for the product will be great. Following the Law of Demand, how can they ensure that there will be a high demand?

    • Correct Answer
  14. A floor plan of a first floor of a house with a porch labelled, a kitchen labelled 6 ft by 14 ft, office/living room labelled 18 ft by 14 ft, bath labelled 6 ft by 12 ft, entry labelled 4 ft by 12 ft, and bedroom labelled 10 ft by 14 ft.

    The floor plan above has all measurements in feet. How much bigger is the office/living room than the bedroom?

    • Correct Answer
  15. Which of the following types of governments is led by experts in public service?

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