FTCE Birth to Age 4: Study Guide & Practice Test

FTCE Birth to Age 4 Test Overview

The Florida Teacher Certification Exam (FTCE) Preschool Education test, also known as the FTCE Birth to Age 4 test, is a necessary step toward becoming certified as an early years preschool teacher in the state of Florida. It contains multiple skills across 9 competencies, all of which test knowledge from bachelor's or master's degrees. These FTCE competencies include early childhood development, professional practices, developmentally appropriate instruction and environments, as well as health and safety in preschool education. The test features differing percentages, and so numbers of questions, of each competency. The 2 hour and 30 minute test involves around 100 multiple-choice questions across all of these 9 competencies, in four different question formats. All FTCE tests, including this one, are scored as PASS/NOT PASS. While the FTCE Birth to Age 4 exam is a challenging one, a solid study plan combined with a good FTCE practice test can help structure a candidate's approach, allowing them to focus on the biggest study challenges, and be prepared for this important stepping stone en route to becoming a professional teacher.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

FTCE Birth to Age 4 Test Format

The FTCE Birth to Age 4 exam is 2 hours and 30 minutes, and all approximately 100 questions are multiple-choice. Some of the questions will ask for appropriate statements, or answers to a stated question. Others may ask one to complete a provided sentence. Another question type focuses on classroom pedagogy where a test-taker may be offered a classroom situation. Candidates would then be asked to select the most appropriate action, comment, or evaluation.

This is a computer-adaptive FTCE test that covers all professional knowledge and skills required of a pre-K birth to age 4 teacher in the state of Florida. This includes crucial areas such as awareness of possible abuse and child health through to diversity, classroom management and curriculum. There is a strong conceptual focus on including a child's family within their education to promote cohesion and full development of the pre-K child.

FTCE Preschool Education Test Content

The FTCE preschool education test assesses the candidate on 9 themed competencies with multiple skills within each one. These concern development, pedagogy, learning environments, health and more. All of the test content measures skills from just these competencies. They are a map of possible questions as well as of ways to approach one's studying to increase one's chances of success.

Typical & Atypical Early Childhood Development

Comprising approximately 11% of the FTCE preschool education test, this competency features around 11 questions. Candidates may be asked to differentiate between the different developmental domains such as physical, cognitive, social-emotional, or others. They may have to identify typical developmental milestones and sequences or atypical development indicators. There may be questions about various possible influences on child development. These may include nutrition, family, community, culture, genetics, or environment. There may also be questions about risk factors for disability or developmental delay, whether prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal. All of these relate to a teacher's professional ability to identify typical and atypical development in the youngest of children.

Early Childhood Foundations, Standards, & Professional Practices

This competency covers approximately 10% of the final test, with around the same number of questions. These questions may involve identifying major theories and theories of early childhood education and what these may all mean for your teaching practice. Candidates may have to identify various laws, standards and policies relating to early education, as well as service programs and organizations for children. There may be questions around relevant early childhood professional organizations, as well as how to apply professional roles and conducts within early care. Lastly, test-takers may have to analyze any contemporary issues and trends within early education.

Issues and Practices for Engaging Culturally Diverse Families & Communities

This component covers approximately 12% of the test with around 12 questions. This component concerns how to apply culturally responsive strategies when promoting equity with families and children. There may be questions about practices and frameworks to encourage community engagement, as well as how to differentiate between strategies in dealing with different families. Test-takers may be asked about determining barriers to services and analyze the impact of those barriers, as well as about incorporating family concerns. There may be questions concerning program and community professionals for family support, as well supporting the family-child relationship. Finally, questions may be asked about how to determine best practices for transitioning kids and their families into and out of pre-K.

Curriculum & Developmentally Appropriate Practice

At approximately 15% of the test, the largest percentage of all the components, this will likely be around 15 questions. Expect questions about different curriculum models and the characteristics of an integrated curriculum. There may be questions about applying short and long term planning for child development, about creative promotion practices, and about using appropriate technology practices. Questions may arise concerning skills for adaptive and physical development or early literacy among early childhood, as well as language learners. There may also be questions about active learning through play, as well as how to encourage critical thinking and similar skills.

Developmentally Appropriate Learning Environments

This component has around 10 questions, making up approximately 10% of the FTCE Preschool Education test. This component may require answering questions about planning to organize educational spaces, indoor and outdoor, as well as which material to support whole-child development. Candidates may have to apply relevant practices to promote an appropriate environment for the young child, as well as showing how to differentiate between socio-economics, diverse cultures, and learning styles, among other factors. It may ask questions to consider appropriate time structures and routines for all learners, as well as effective teacher-child interactions.

Developmentally Appropriate Guidance

This component is approximately 12% and around 12 questions of the test, and focuses on self-regulation and social-emotional development of young children. Test-takers may be asked to determine what factors influence a child's emotional response or to apply practices for guiding a child's behavior in a culturally and developmentally appropriate manner. There may be questions about how to support extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, as well as strategies to encourage and support social and emotional well-being through collaboration. Questions concerning culturally responsive practice to nurture child-caregiver relationships may arise, as well as how to encourage a young child toward self-regulation and pro-social behavior.

Children with Exceptionalities & Special Considerations

This component involves approximately 10% and 10 questions of the FTCE Preschool Education exam. Questions may concern intervention programs for special considerations such as homelessness, as well as require test-takers to identify relevant parts of the Individual with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Candidates will need to know how to differentiate common disabilities and disorders among children, as well as identifying appropriate referral and screening processes. Questions are likely concerning inclusive strategies for children with exceptionalities and on how to adapt the learning environment for fruitful participation for those children. Lastly, some questions may ask about developing an IFSP or IEP in a collaborative team.

Screening, Assessment, & Evaluation

There are approximately 10 questions in this section, at around 10% of the test. Candidates may have to distinguish between different screenings, assessments, and evaluations of young children. They may be asked to apply assessment strategies in educational decisions, as well as interpreting assessment data to define appropriate responses. Test-takers need to learn how to analyze data for effective practice and perhaps differentiate among appropriate approaches during the assessment process to involve families.

Health, Safety, & Nutrition

This represents approximately 10% of the test, with around 10 questions. Test-takers may have to answer questions regarding common diseases and health concerns of children and know how to apply precautions for prevention and control. They may have to answer questions regarding safety procedures, as well as identifying procedures and indicators for reporting child abuse. Finally, candidates may be asked to consider wellness strategies, including healthy living and nutrition for children and families.

Registering for the FTCE Preschool Education Test

The FTCE Birth to Age 4 test is entirely computer-based. Candidates must register online at the test's official website. This involves paying for the FTCE test cost amounting to $150 at the time of registration, and then selecting an appointment time at a test site. There are numerous available FTCE testing locations in the state of Florida and around the country. Important personal information is required, such as a social security number and payment information. Candidates will receive an email with all of this and other relevant information, including the precise location of the testing center. There are accommodations available for nursing mothers and people with disabilities that may include alternative arrangements and extra time. Every testing site has rigorous policies regarding what candidates may bring into the testing room. Bags, cell phones, and many other items are prohibited from the room itself. The unofficial pass/fail result for the FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 exam is provided at the end of the test, although final scaled scores won't arrive for another four week.

FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 Test Preparation

There are some effective strategies to prepare for this exam to achieve the required FTCE scores. One is using a good FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 study guide. Another is to structure the remaining study time before the exam by using the test components. Using the specific skills contained within the components, a candidate can prepare themselves for each one, making sure they are prepared for questions assessing those skills. Another useful strategy is to map the courses taken in an undergraduate degree to those testing components, to ensure that any component has been covered by previous education courses. Finally, taking an FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 practice test will help in familiarizing a candidate with content and formats of the FTCE.

FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 Study Guide

There is a huge amount of information and skills covered by the FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 test. A good FTCE study guide can help structure a candidate's approach to the material. Available in different formats online and as a print/e-book, a study guide can walk a test-taker through the components and their relative test amounts, helping to review all of the material in a methodical manner during their FTCE prep.

FTCE Preschool Education Birth-Age 4 Practice Test

The challenges of taking a computer-adaptive test can be prepared for with an FTCE practice test, available in print/e-book form or as online. Practice tests are ideally identical in format and material to the final exam. They should offer detailed results after the test that will reveal any challenges for the available study time. Test-takers can then reschedule their remaining studying, focusing on primarily the components most in need of work.


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  1. Which of the following is a benefit of inclusion in the classroom for students with disabilities?

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  2. What is a common childhood disease that is caused by the varicella virus and causes itchy, red sores that appear all over the body?

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  3. Mia's son asks her if she will allow him to learn to ride a bike. He is a good boy and does not ask for much so Mia agrees. Mia will buy him a bike. She decides to get the one with training wheels. Aside from the bike, what else should she buy?

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  4. What do you call the times at which lessons, activities, or classes change?

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  5. Tasha is a kindergarten teacher. In her class, there are two boys sitting next to each other that are always fighting. What should she do about this?

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  6. What are disabilities that prevent a person from having a normal mental or physical functioning?

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  7. Cathy has a two-year old child named Chloe. Chloe is hungry. She suddenly cries out ''Mama, eat cookie!'' to alert Cathy that she wants to eat a cookie. At what stage of language acquisition is Chloe at?

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  8. Sarah has a six-month old baby. She noticed that the baby does not make any sound, not even cooing sounds. What should she do?

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  9. Jane and Bill are a married couple. They have a two-year old son named John. Bill is a soldier. He is assigned to serve out of the country most of the time. Sometimes, it can take years before he can visit his family. What type of family do they have?
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  10. Which of the following is not true about the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case?

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  11. What is the most important section of IDEA?

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  12. What is the most practical activity that a teacher should do to promote cultural awareness in class?

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  13. A teacher notices that Lara is struggling in their current math lesson. She feels that she needs to inform Lara's parents about this so that they may be able to help Lara. What is the best way to do this?

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  14. Jo and Sam are expecting their first child and want to create the best possible environment for the developing fetus to avoid any health complications. They will seek prenatal medical care and checkups but would like to do more. Given this scenario, what else can Jo and Sam do to ensure healthy prenatal development?

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  15. A feeling or thought that arises spontaneously is called which of the following?

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