FTCE PreK-3 Study Guide & Practice Test

FTCE PreK-3 Overview and Format

The Florida Teacher Certification Examination (FTCE) Prekindergarten/Primary PreK-3 exam was developed to measure the general and subject-specific knowledge of prospective educators seeking licensure and Florida professional teacher certification. This test was developed by the Florida Department of Education in cooperation with Pearson but is owned by the State of Florida. It is a computer-administered FTCE test that testers can take at one of many Pearson Professional Centers located throughout the United States.

The FTCE PreK-3 is broken down into four separate subtests: Developmental Knowledge, Language Arts and Reading, Mathematics, and Science. It takes 4 hours and 30 minutes to complete the exam, not including breaks. Test-takers may choose to take each subtest separately, all at once, or two or three on different FTCE test dates. If taking 3 or more tests in one sitting, they will be given one 15-minute break during their test period. A table listing the subtest names, the number of questions on each one, and the completion time is included below.

Subtest Name Number of Questions Time Allowed
Subtest I: Developmental Knowledge 55 70 minutes
Subtest II: Language Arts and Reading 55 70 minutes
Subtest III: Mathematics 45 70 minutes
Subtest IV: Science 50 60 minutes

Questions on the FTCE PreK-3 are multiple-choice. Final scores for the test are scaled and test-takers must get a score of 200 on each subtest to pass. The FTCE official score report is released within 4 weeks of the testing date, and test-takers can view them through their FTCE online account. Test-takers may also elect to have their scores sent directly to the institution or program of their choosing during their FTCE registration.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

FTCE PreK-3 Test Registration

An online FTCE online account is required to register for the FTCE PreK-3 Test-takers can create their account through the FTCE website. They can then log in, select 'Register for the FTCE/FELE' and select their test. Test-takers will need to answer background questions and agree to FTCE testing policies before registering. Next, under the "Open Registrations" tab they can click on "Schedule" to select their chosen date, time, and location.

Test-takers will be required to pay for the FTCE test cost to secure their testing appointment. Subtests may be taken alone or all at once. Initial testing fees are $150 regardless of how many subtests are being scheduled. Users can make the payment with a credit card (VISA or Mastercard only) or a debit card that does not require a PIN. After registering online, test-takers will have one year to schedule and secure their test appointment. Test-takers who wish to retake the FTCE Prekindergarten/Primary PK-3 exam will need to wait a minimum of 31 days after failing a subtest or 3 years after passing before scheduling. Fees to retake the exam are dependent on the number of subtests being scheduled. If scheduling all 4 subtests, the cost is $150. Three subtests cost $112.50, 2 subtests cost $75, and 1 subtest is $37.50.

The FTCE PreK-3 can be taken year-round (not including holidays), Monday through Saturday by appointment. Pearson test sites are located throughout the United States, including some on-base military testing centers. Accommodations are available for test-takers with disabilities and for nursing mothers, but not at all accommodations are available at all FTCE testing locations. Special testing requests must be made in advance by filling out the accommodations request form on the Pearson website.

FTCE PreK-3 Test Content

As mentioned before, the FTCE Prekindergarten/Primary 3 test is broken down into four separate subtests:

  • Subtest I: Developmental Knowledge
  • Subtest II: Language Arts and Reading
  • Subtest III: Mathematics
  • Subtest IV: Science

Each subtest addresses subject-specific areas of content knowledge, pedagogical knowledge, and FTCE competencies. The subject area knowledge of each subtest has been validated and identified by public school teachers, school district supervisors, and college faculty. As a result, skills and competencies are based on educational standards that are relevant to each subject area.

Subtest One: Developmental Knowledge

The FTCE PreK-3 Developmental Knowledge section consists of 55 multiple-choice questions and takes 1 hour and 10 minutes to complete. It covers such topics as how child development is affected by science, health, politics, environment, and economic influences. Test-takers will need to identify different developmental stages and recognize atypical development and signs of abuse and emotional distress in students. They will need to have a general knowledge of screening, how to use assessments, monitor struggling students, manage behavior in the classroom, and exhibit ethical behavior and maintain professional standards. Additionally, they will need to understand early childhood curriculum models and theories, classroom organization and management, and the appropriate use of various strategies in teaching.

Competency Percent of Subtest Questions
Child growth and development and relationships with family and community 14%
The profession and foundations of early childhood education 12%
Developmentally appropriate practices 20%
Developmentally appropriate curricula 12%
Developmentally appropriate intervention strategies and available student resources 15%
Diagnosis, assessment, and evaluation procedures 14%
Child guidance and classroom behavior management 13%

Subtest Two: Language Arts and Reading

The Language Arts and Reading section of the FTCE PreK-3 exam includes 55 multiple-choice questions and takes 1 hour and 10 minutes to complete. This section includes the developmental stages of writing, stages of the writing process and word recognition, formal and informal language, and the components of reading fluency. Test-takers will need to identify and analyze basic elements of the English language, different elements of literature, different writing styles, and various text features. In addition, they will need to be able to recognize emergent literacy, understand how to manage literacy issues, and use assessments to evaluate student progress. Test-takers should also know how to apply methods and strategies that will enhance language skills and reading comprehension, develop emergent and early literacy, and develop their students' writing strategies.

Competency Percent of Subtest Questions
Literary and literacy instruction 24%
Fiction, nonfiction, and informational texts 20%
Foundational skills of reading 24%
Language elements used for effective oral and written communication 22%
Assessments to inform literacy instruction 10%

Subtest Three: Mathematics

The Mathematics section of the FTCE Prekindergarten/Primary 3 comprises 45 multiple-choice questions and takes 1 hour and 10 minutes to complete. An on-screen mathematics reference sheet is available for this portion of the test. The Mathematics section covers functions, cardinal and ordinal numbers, place value, fractions, functions, and metric and standard units of measure. It also covers geometry concepts and vocabulary, symmetry and non-symmetry, multi-dimensional shapes and complex figures, and algebraic equality and inequality. Test-takers will need to analyze, organize, and interpret data. They will need to have a general understanding of variables, tables, and graphs. Additionally, test-takers will need to know how to integrate mathematics with other subject areas and how to apply appropriate strategies, mathematical concepts, and practices to enhance student learning.

Competency Percent of Subtest Questions
Effective mathematics instruction 23%
Algebraic thinking 16%
Number concepts and operations in base ten 30%
Measurement and data collection analysis 15%
Geometric and spatial concepts 16%

Subtest Four: Science

Subtest number four of the FTCE PreK-3 is Science. This section has 50 multiple-choice questions and takes 1 hour to complete. The Science portion of this exam covers the characteristics of living and nonliving things, how to classify plants and animals by their characteristics, heredity, ecosystems, the life cycles and processes of plants and animals, reproduction, and the major systems of the human body. It also includes the Earth and the processes that can alter it, how humans affect the Earth and its processes, cycles of the celestial bodies, atmospheric processes, gravity, and space research and exploration.

Test-takers will need to know about the properties and categories of matter, how matter changes, the types of energy and its characteristics and functions, energy transference, and how force affects objects. They will also need to evaluate and interpret scientific data, understand science as an interdisciplinary process, know how to use scientific tools, apply basic scientific practices and processes, assess students' learning progress, and encourage scientific curiosity and discussion among students.

Competency Percent of Subtest Questions
Effective science instruction 19%
The nature of science 19%
Earth and space sciences 20%
Physical sciences 17%
Life sciences 25%

FTCE PreK-3 Prep

The FTCE Prekindergarten/Primary PK3 is a rigorous test, so test-takers must carefully develop their study plan. Understanding the content that will be on the test is key to creating an effective study plan. This is where a study guide can be a big help. Once test-takers know what will be on the exam, they can use practice tests to pinpoint where their strengths - and weaknesses - lie. Test-takers should be sure to Include preparation materials in their study plan. Flashcards, videos, quizzes, practice tests, and FTCE test preparation courses can all be found online and can help solidify information retention. The important thing is that test-takers create a balanced study plan that they can stick to.

FTCE PreK-3 Study Guide

FTCE Subject Area PreK-3 study guides are an excellent source for exam content. These guides help break the test down into manageable sections. Test-takers can find FTCE PreK-3 study guides for purchase or for free online. A good FTCE study guide should include all competencies, skills, and topics on which test-takers will be questioned. Additional features may include tips on dealing with new or difficult questions, a list of strategies for FTCE prep, and suggested study methods for the FTCE PreK-3.

FTCE PreK-3 Practice Test

Practice tests may be the test-takers' most valuable tool. Taking multiple FTCE Prekindergarten Primary PreK-3 practice tests will help test-takers gauge what they already know, identify areas where they need to focus their studies, and provide them with a tool to measure their progress. Testers should take an FTCE practice test before studying begins. This will give them a feel for the flow of the test and an understanding of how test questions will be presented. They should continue to take multiple practice tests throughout their study sessions. This will reinforce what they learn and provide them with the confidence they need on their FTCE test dates.


Take a Practice Test Online

Exam Instructions:

Complete the practice test below to test your knowledge.
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  1. In a classroom, a teacher always requires students to give credit to authors of information they find online. Which of the following is the teacher encouraging?

    • Correct Answer
  2. If students become proficient in recognizing rimes, decoding multisyllabic words, and decoding unknown words, such students can be said to have entered which of the following stages?

    • Correct Answer
  3. A parent attended a school basketball game is an example of what?

    • Correct Answer
  4. Which is an example of developmentally appropriate practice (DAP) in the early childhood classroom?

    • Correct Answer
  5. Which one of the following components is NOT a part of the Individuals with Disability Education Act (IDEA)?

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  6. Which of the following types of curriculum incorporates active and imaginative activities?

    • Correct Answer
  7. Which of the following is an example of the editing stage of the writing process?

    • Correct Answer
  8. When lessons are created to involve all subject areas in learning as well as real world lessons and activities to deepen the understanding that students have, it is referred to as

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  9. A sample of matter has quickly moving molecules with no fixed volume and no fixed shape. Which of the following states of matter best describes this sample?

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  10. A student teacher is leading a class while someone observes her. What type of assessment is the student participating in?

    • Correct Answer
  11. Students are learning about distance. How would they answer the following? If one mile is equivalent to roughly 1.61 kilometers, around how many meters will a person travel if they are traversing 65 miles?

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  12. Which of the following types of education should accompany traditional instruction in the classroom?

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  13. In an elementary school, teachers are encouraged to develop lessons that access multiple modalities. In the reading classroom, a teacher can achieve this through

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  14. Which of the following activities are best suited for project-based learning?

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  15. Which of the following is NOT a negative socio-emotional factor for children in the early childhood stage of development?

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