FTCE ESOL K-12 Study Guide & Practice Test

What is the FTCE ESOL K-12 Test?

The Florida Teacher Certification Examinations (FTCE) English for Speakers of Other Languages (K-12) is a requirement for state certification, and all teachers seeking to teach English for Speakers of Other Languages in Florida must pass the exam. Anyone can apply to take this FTCE test, and there are no qualifications that must be met before application.

The FTCE ESOL K-12 test is a computer-based test that candidates will need to take at FTCE testing locations available throughout the state of Florida and nationwide. Test takers will have two hours and thirty minutes to complete 110 multiple-choice questions. When the test is complete, examinees may receive an unofficial pass/fail notification, but the FTCE official score report will not be available until four weeks after the exam is submitted. Examinees must earn at least a 70% or a scaled score of 200 in order to pass and earn a teaching certification.

The test covers a wide range of topics, including culture, acquisition and development, public policy and social constructs in addition to traditional classroom assessment and teaching practices.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

Register for the FTCE ESOL K-12 Test

  • Finding a test site

The Florida Teacher Certification Exam is administered by Pearson VUE, a testing company with FTCE testing locations nationwide. Find a testing center by searching on the Pearson VUE website.

  • Testing dates and times:

Testing is by appointment only. Appointments are available year-round but can vary by location. Examinees can schedule an appointment during FTCE registration, but all appointments must be within one year of registration.

  • Cost:

The cost for the FTCE ESOL K-12 test is $150.

  • What to bring to the test:

Most testing centers will require arrival at least 30 minutes before the testing appointment. Examinees must bring two forms of ID: at least one should include their name (must match application information), a signature, and a recognizable photo. Any secondary ID must have a name and signature.

  • Retake policy:

The FTCE retake fee is $150. Test takers must wait 31 calendar days after the first take before registering for the retake of an FTCE test.

Study Guide for the FTCE ESOL K-12 Test

The FTCE ESOL K-12 test covers 11 different competencies. The next sections describe all FTCE competencies in detail, including specific relevant skills and how many questions on this topic might appear on the exam.

1. Culture

This competency assesses knowledge of culture as a factor in students' learning process. Approximately 8% (8 to 9 questions) of the test will cover this topic. To succeed in this competency, examinees should know:

  • Elements of culture and how it affects instruction.
  • Ways that cultural differences impact student experiences in the classroom.
  • How cultural adaptation can affect student experiences and learning.
  • Strategies for building partnerships with students' families.
  • Where to find information about the cultural background of students.
  • Social issues and trends that affect students' education.
  • How to create a multicultural and diverse classroom environment.

2. Language as a System

This competency assesses knowledge of how the English language works. Approximately 12% (12 to 13 questions) of the test will cover this topic. To succeed in this competency, examinees should know:

  • The principles of language that will guide instruction, i.e. systematic, rule-governed, and arbitrary principles.
  • How to apply principles of the following topics to instruction:
    • Phonology
    • Morphology
    • Semantics
    • Pragmatics
    • Syntax
    • Discourse (written and oral)
  • Different forms of English language for different contexts and purposes.
  • Identify major differences between English and other languages.

3. Language Acquisition and Development

This competency assesses knowledge of how students will acquire knowledge in a second language. Approximately 12% (12 to 13 questions) of the test will cover this topic. To succeed in this competency, examinees should know:

  • Major theories of language acquisition for use in the classroom.
  • Functions of spoken and written language in different contexts.
  • Differences in first and second language acquisition.
  • Factors that affect how students will learn English, including use of their home language, social and cultural influences, and other variables.
  • Social versus academic language.
  • The use of individual and group performance to guide instruction.
  • Models of language instruction.
  • Characteristics and development of bilingualism.

4. Second Language Literacy Development

This competency assesses knowledge of how students will develop competency in reading and writing in a foreign language. Approximately 10% (10 to 11 questions) of the test will cover this topic. To succeed in this competency, examinees should know:

  • Current theories of second language reading and writing development for students of varying proficiencies.
  • How students' first oral language and home literacy practices influences their oral and written English development.
  • Best practices for integrating students' first language literacy into English language development.

5. Research, History, Public Policy and Current Practices

This competency assesses knowledge of historical and current states of ESL/ESOL instruction. Approximately 5% (5 to 6 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Test takers should review:

  • Historical and current practices in ESOL instruction.
  • Federal and state policies, laws, and court cases that have affected ESOL instruction.
  • Sections and requirements of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) et al. v. State Board of Education Consent Decree, 1990.
  • Major contributors to the field of ESOL instruction and how their work made an impact.
  • Current research and research-based models of ESOL instruction.

6. Standards-Based ESOL and Content Instruction

This competency assesses knowledge of current practices in ESOL instruction. Approximately 14% (14 to 15 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Candidates must demonstrate

  • Best practices to improve students' English listening, speaking, writing, and reading competency.
  • Appropriate standards-based writing, reading, and oral English instruction.
  • How to integrate authentic use of language and literacy into classroom instruction.
  • Methods of instruction to integrate listening, speaking, writing, and reading for students of various proficiencies.
  • Methods of adapting existing curriculum or teaching methods to students of various proficiencies.

7. Resources and Technologies

This competency assesses knowledge of resources available to assist in the classroom. Approximately 8% (8 to 9 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Examinees should know:

  • Culturally- and age-appropriate, accessible learning resources for students.
  • Learning resources appropriate to different levels of language and literacy proficiency.
  • Technologies available to enhance classroom instruction.
  • Methods of collaboration with school, district, and community resources.
  • Continuing education organizations, publications, and resources.

8. Planning Standards-Based Instruction

This competency assesses knowledge of best practices in lesson and curriculum planning. Approximately 10% (10 to 11 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Test takers will be assessed on:

  • Appropriate state-approved standards and objectives for various proficiency levels, and how to apply differential learning objectives for different students.
  • Approaches for scaffolding and providing context in lessons for students' language use.
  • Approaches for reteaching content when necessary.
  • Characteristics of effective, engaging learning environments appropriate for diverse learners.

9. Assessment Issues

This competency assesses knowledge of best practices in assessment of student progress. Approximately 8% (8 to 9 questions) of the test will cover this topic. To succeed in this competency, examinees should know:

  • Cultural or linguistic bias that might affect assessment.
  • Formal and informal assessments for:
    • Oral language.
    • Literacy (reading and writing).
    • Academic achievement.
  • Accommodations for students at various proficiencies.
  • How to identify students who:
    • Have special needs and how they differ from those who do not.
    • Are gifted and talented.

10. Language Proficiency Assessment

This competency assesses knowledge of out-of-classroom language assessment. Approximately 5% (5 to 6 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Examinees should review:

  • District, state, and federal requirements for identification, reclassification, and program completion of students from ESOL programs.
  • How to use assessment data from a variety of sources to inform instruction.
  • How assessment data informs policy and instructional practice.

11. Classroom-Based Assessment

This competency assesses knowledge of in-classroom language assessment. Approximately 8% (8 to 9 questions) of the test will cover this topic. Candidates will show:

  • Alternative assessment methods or test modifications for students at various proficiencies.
  • Appropriate metrics, tests, and norm- or criterion-referenced assessments for students.
  • Effective equipment (journals, rubrics, etc) to assess student performance of authentic tasks.
  • Necessary test-taking skills for students.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the Praxis Test Preparation like?

    Common preparation strategies include self study, online or in-person prep courses, or tutoring. Self study involves self-directed study and review using print or digital resources such as study guides and practice exams; prep courses provide directed, structured review with or without an instructor, depending on the course; and tutoring involves one-on-one instruction and review with a professional.

  • Where do I find more practice tests?

    There are several useful practice tests online such as the Florida Teacher Certification Examinations website, Mometrix and TestPrepReview. Most free and for-purchase self-study test prep resources (both print and digital) include sample test questions as well. Many examinees find it useful to take several practice tests from several different sources in preparation for their exam.

Exam

Take a Practice Test Online

Exam Instructions:

Complete the practice test below to test your knowledge.
Choose your answers below. Complete the 15 questions then click "See Results."

You have answered 0 out of 15 correctly.

The correct answers are highlighted with green below.

Sign Up
  1. Students with engaged families are more likely to

    • Correct Answer
  2. What is item bias?

    • Correct Answer
  3. Which of the following types of bias occurs based on how the test was administered?

    • Correct Answer
  4. What do achievement tests measure?

    • Correct Answer
  5. Which of the following is the first step in identifying ELL students in Florida?

    • Correct Answer
  6. Based on technology and ELL student use, which of the following statements is true?

    • Correct Answer
  7. Which of the following should ELL and ESOL teachers consider when incorporating technology into the classroom to provide cognitive reinforcement?

    • Correct Answer
  8. Which of the following is an indication that a person is an intermediate-level ELL?

    • Correct Answer
  9. When a student is able to understand a new language on an academic level as opposed to just conversational, this is referred to as

    • Correct Answer
  10. To be diagnosed as intellectually disabled, a student must score at or below which of the following numbers on an aptitude test?

    • Correct Answer
  11. Which of the following questions should an educator consider before beginning the formal evaluation process for an ELL student who may require special education services?

    • Correct Answer
  12. Which of the following established funding for schools wanting to establish ESL and ELL programs?

    • Correct Answer
  13. The 1947 Supreme Court case, Mendez v. Westminister, established that

    • Correct Answer
  14. Sheltered English Immersion involves which of the following?

    • Correct Answer
  15. Which statement best describes the shift which has taken place in the delivery of sheltered English immersion support?

    • Correct Answer