FTCE Elementary Education K-6 (060) Practice Test & Study Guide

What is the FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Examination?

The FTCE Elementary Education K-6 exam is one of the Florida teacher certification requirements for both an elementary temporary teaching certificate and the elementary professional teaching certificate in the state of Florida. In addition to the General Knowledge (GK) requirement and the Professional Preparation and Education Competence requirement, you are required to take an exam to demonstrate Mastery of Subject Area Knowledge. The FTCE K-6 (060) exam demonstrates your grasp of age-relevant content and pedagogy for elementary teaching. Once you have taken the FTCE K-6 (060), demonstrated the competencies and skills required for teacher certification in Florida and completed all other requirements for teaching licensure, you can proceed with your choice of K-6 licensure and become a certified Florida teacher.

FTCE Elementary Education K-6 (060) Examination Overview

The FTCE K-6 is an FTCE subject area exam composed of four subtests, each with their own test number and length: Language Arts and Reading (601), Social Science (602), Science (603), and Mathematics (604). All four tests evaluate expected general and pedagogical knowledge for an elementary school teacher. For your first time, you will register for all four subtests as you complete the FTCE registration. The first two of these tests are 1 hour 5 minutes long, and the last two 1 hour 10 minutes. Test-takers wondering how many questions are on the FTCE K-6 exam should know there are approximately 200 questions on the FTCE K-6 exam, and a different number for each subtest: Language Arts has approximately 55 questions, Social Science approximately 50, Science approximately 55, and Math approximately 40.

You will take the Florida Elementary Education test at a testing center in various FTCE testing locations. All subtests can be taken at separate times, or one after the other on the same day, and if you take three or more you will have a 15-minute break. You will need to be punctual and store your belongings in a locker, while the test center will provide you with pencil and scratch paper for your notes. The FTCE test cost for the four subtests is $150, and each can have a separate appointment. If you retake, each then costs $37.50. Once you have taken and passed all four of the subtests in the elementary education exam, Florida will consider you one step closer to your teacher licensure.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

FTCE Elementary Education Subtests

The four subtests of the FTCE K-6 subject area exam are all built around a set of subject-specific competencies, all of which taken together are an assessment of your ability to teach K-6 as a teaching specialization. Each subtest has 5 or 6 competencies, with each competency broken down into several very practical skills that may feature in the subtest. Each of the subtest competencies contains an approximate number of questions in the subtest itself.

Language Arts and Reading Subtest (601)

This first portion of the elementary education exam in Florida has approximately 55 multiple-choice questions taken in 1 hour and 55 minutes. The Language Arts and Reading subtest is created around the following 5 competencies:

  • Knowledge of the reading process: It tests methods and materials for developing different aspects of reading for young learners. It takes up about 29% of the subtest.
  • Knowledge of literary analysis and genres: This involves around 16% of the subtest and assesses your understanding of diverse texts, literary devices, and pedagogical methods of analysis.
  • Knowledge of language and the writing process: This focuses on strategies around fluency, comprehension, vocabulary, decoding, and emergency literacy. It takes up about 16% of the subtest.
  • Knowledge of literacy instruction and assessments: Around 23% of the test covers this competency. The questions focus on assessment methods, including data and formal/informal methods, as well as classroom organization and literacy interventions.
  • Knowledge of communication and media literacy: This involves the basics of penmanship, listening and speaking, as well as evaluation of resources and modern pedagogical technology. It takes up around 16% of the test.

Social Science Subtest (602)

This subtest has approximately 50 multiple choice questions during a 1 hour and 5-minute test. There are 5 competencies making up the Social Science test:

  • Knowledge of effective instructional practices and assessment of the social sciences: This segment assesses resources, methods, environments, and planning. It accounts for around 19% of the questions.
  • Knowledge of time, continuity, and change: This section has the most approximate questions and covers general historical knowledge of cultures and eras around the world, as well as source documents and Florida-specific events. It takes up 26% of the questions.
  • Knowledge of people, places and environment: This is general content knowledge of the discipline, as well as statistics, regional comparisons, and relevant technological tools for spatial pedagogy. Approximately 18% of the questions cover this competency.
  • Knowledge of government and the citizen: The focus is on government and civics, covering content knowledge with a strong focus on documents, civic structure, and legal process. This competency covers 20% of the questions.
  • Knowledge of production, distributions, and consumption: This competency covers economics themes such as scarcity, consumer decisions and resources. Around 17% of the questions focus on this content.

Science Subtest (603)

The science subtest has five competencies making up its 55 questions over 1 hour and 10 minutes:

  • Knowledge of effective science instruction: This is about the pedagogy of science instruction, including instructional strategies, assessments, safe and effective science classroom management, and appropriate technology. It covers approximately 20% of the subtest questions.
  • Knowledge of the nature of science: It features fundamental questions about experiments, process skills, models, tools, and representations of science. This competency covers 18% of the questions.
  • Knowledge of physical sciences: This competency covers approximately 20% of the subtest questions and covers matter, change, energy, and fundamental forces.
  • Knowledge of earth and space: This deals with geology, atmospheric science, space, and conservation. Around 19% of the questions are on this competency.
  • Knowledge of life science: This competency has around 23% of the subtest questions, and covers biology, from cells and heredity to the structure and function of living things and their environments.

Mathematics Subtest (604)

The math subtest of the FTCE K-6 subject area exam has 40 multiple choice questions in 1 hour and 10 minutes. There are again 5 competencies:

  • Knowledge of student thinking and instructional practices: This covers the pedagogy of math, particularly assessments, structured experiences, learning progressions and components of math pedagogy. Approximately 26% of the subtest is on this competency.
  • Knowledge of operations, algebraic thinking, counting, and number in base ten: With around 28% of the questions, this section deals with basic number theory and strategies, as well as different representations of numbers.
  • Knowledge of fractions, ratios, and integers: This competency is around 18% of the questions. It involves basic operations of said fractions, ratios and integers, as well as standard measurement conversions, appropriate representations, and real-world problems.
  • Knowledge of measurement, data, and statistics: This competency covers approximately 16% of the questions. It is concerning problems and evaluations of these elements.
  • Knowledge of geometric concepts: This final segment involves coordinate systems, two-dimensional figures, and three-dimensional shapes, as well as basic geometric properties and relationships. It covers 12% of the subtest.

FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Passing Score

All 4 of the subtests are administered, scored, and reported separately, and you must pass each one. The number of multiple-choice questions you answer correctly is considered the 'raw' score. For example, you may answer 32 out of 40 of the mathematics subtest, and 32 is your raw score. However, some of the questions do not contribute to your score. This is because the subtests change over time and this way many different forms of the test can exist and still have a common FTCE passing score. Each of the subtests have their own minimum passing percentage for correct questions, as follows:

  • Language Arts and Reading: 74%
  • Social Science: 71%
  • Science: 71%
  • Mathematics: 70%

Your raw scores for each subtest are then converted into a scale score, which considers all non-scoring questions. The minimum FTCE elementary education K-6 passing score for all subtests is 200. You must then pass all four individual subtests with this minimum passing score. If you have passed all four, you will receive a score report with a status of 'PASS'. Otherwise, the report status will read 'NOT PASS'. If you do not pass, your report will also have a detailed report analyzing your performance on the failed subtests, to allow you to consider how you will retake them next time after payment of the FTCE retake fee. This report will have a breakdown by competency of your strengths and weaknesses for future study.

FTCE K-6 Subject Area Exam Prep and Study Resources

There are several FTCE K-6 subject area exam prep options available to help you prepare for and understand how to pass the FTCE K-6 exam. The FTCE has a very helpful breakdown by competency of all four available subtests that will help you understand the structure and content of the four subtests, as well as strategies to consider for test-taking. It would be worth your while to consider taking an online FTCE practice test to get a sense of your strengths and weaknesses, before you start a study plan to remedy those weaknesses. Closer to the day of your test, consider also taking an FTCE K-6 practice test to see if you have improved your performance and refine your study plan before the big day.

Expert Contributor

Mary Bechtel

Mary Bechtel, M.A. is a middle school math teacher with over 5 years of teaching experience. She has 2 publications on middle school math teaching strategies and has presented at numerous local, state, and national conferences. She passed the PAPA, VCLA, and Praxis exams as part of her teacher preparation. Mary graduated with an M.A. in Curriculum & Instruction from Grand Canyon University and a B.S. in Mathematics from Lebanon Valley College.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is a passing score on the FTCE Elementary K-6?

    All 4 of the subject subtests for the FTCE elementary K-6 must have a minimum passing scaled score of 200.

  • How long is the FTCE K-6 exam?

    Each of the four subtests has its own length. Language Arts & Reading as well as Social Science are both 1 hour and 5 minutes long. Math and Science are both 1 hour and 10 minutes.

  • How do I prepare for FTCE?

    Consider reviewing all of the official FTCE preparatory material for the elementary K-6 subtest, and creating a study guide to help you focus on your weaknesses. A practice test for the FTCE K-6 elementary test will also help you identify your areas of growth before the test.

  • How many questions are on the FTCE?

    Each subtest on the FTCE Elementary K-6 has a different number of questions. Language Arts and Science both have 55 questions, Social Science has 50, and Math 40 questions.

  • How do I study for the FTCE K-6?

    Consider a practice test to identify areas you need to focus on before making a study plan for the FTCE K-6. Another online practice test closer to the testing day can tell you what to focus on in your studying in the final time available.


Take a FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Practice Test Online

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  1. Nevada is part of which region of the United States?

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  2. Which is not an example of something that is a necessary part of every chart, table, or graph?

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  3. When trying to solve a problem with a science graph, which is recommended to do first?

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  4. How many faces does the given figure have?

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  5. Find the mean, median, and range of the following data set.

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  6. Which of the following time periods was marked by the development of agriculture?

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  7. If you wanted to create a mathematical model for how many feet of fencing is needed to put around a rectangular school playground, which variable would be important to consider?

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  8. What technological resource for social studies can students use?

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  9. Which of the following is NOT a principle of cell theory?

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  10. Identify the property being applied.

    {eq}45+0=45 {/eq}

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  11. DIRECTIONS: Read the question and select the best response.

    Which of the following is NOT a disadvantage of summative assessment types?

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  12. Children ages 7 and up are usually at which of the following stages of phonological awareness?

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  13. By definition, a diagnostic assessment is used to

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  14. Ali Javan is an Iranian-born physicist who was the co-inventor of _____

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  15. Which type of weathering not only changes rocks' shapes but alters their chemical compositions as well?

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