FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Practice Test and Study Guide

FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Exam Overview

Teacher certification candidates have been required to pass the Florida Teacher Certification Exam (FTCE) since 1980. This test consists of reading, writing, mathematics, and professional knowledge, and is designed to ensure candidates demonstrate the proper pedagogical knowledge to effectively teach students in Florida.

In order to take the FTCE, one must complete a bachelor's degree from a Florida state-approved, teacher preparation program. After passing all three portions of the FTCE, if candidates wish to become a chemistry teacher, they must obtain the FTCE passing score on the FTCE Chemistry 6-12 exam. This is a computer-based test consisting of approximately 85 multiple-choice questions that cover content in eight different FTCE competencies. These primarily measure how well a candidate can demonstrate knowledge of the nature of matter, energy, bonding and molecular structure, science, measurement, proper laboratory use and procedures, chemical reactions, and atomic theory.

Practice tests give you a better idea of the topics you have mastered and those you should keep studying.

FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Content

The FTCE chemistry 6-12 exam consists of eight competencies as well as a number of skills. These competencies primarily measure how well a candidate can demonstrate knowledge of the nature of matter, energy, bonding and molecular structure, science, measurement, proper laboratory use and procedures, chemical reactions, and atomic theory. They are:

  1. Nature of matter (10%)
  2. Energy and its interaction with matter (14%)
  3. Bonding and molecular structure (18%)
  4. Chemical reactions and stoichiometry (21%)
  5. Atomic theory and structure (12%)
  6. Nature of science (10%)
  7. Measurement (10%)
  8. Appropriate laboratory use and procedures (5%)

Knowledge of the nature of matter (10%)

This competency measures the knowledge of the nature of matter, requiring candidates to distinguish between pure substances and different mixtures as well as differentiate between various physical methods (including chromatography, distillation, or filtration) of dividing the mixtures. Knowledge of physical and chemical properties is important to be successful in this competency. Test takers must demonstrate knowledge of: implementing units of mass, volume, and moles to establish properties of solutions; determine the impact of variances in temperature, volume, pressure, or quantity on an ideal gas; and evaluate the impacts of physical variables (such as temperature or pressure) on solubility and the process of dissolving.

Knowledge of energy and its interaction with matter (14%)

In addition to obtaining knowledge about the nature of matter, candidates must also demonstrate how energy interacts with matter. Test takers not only need to recognize the various forms of energy, but also need to evaluate the heating and cooling curve of a substance, understand the chemical process, draw correlations form temperature to heat, comprehend a phase diagram of a pure substance, analyze entropy changes, and identify different the impacts of different types of electromagnetic radiation on chemical or physical properties of matter. Candidates should also be able to distinguish between characteristics of endothermic and exothermic reactions and acknowledge that energy has the ability to be converted.

Knowledge of bonding and molecular structure (18%)

Candidates can demonstrate their knowledge of bonding and molecular structure by recognizing the basic theory and implementations of spectroscopy, demonstrating familiarity with different kinds of bonds and able to relate electronegativity variances to bond types, knowing properties of simple compounds and how atoms impact these compounds, and being familiar with chemical structures of chemical compounds. Test takers should be able to find sigma and pi bonds in a molecule, name and identify formulas for organic and inorganic compounds, predict the polarity and calculate the geometry of simple molecules, as well as analyze the information derived from the following models:

  • Lewis electron dot structures
  • valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory
  • molecular orbital (M/O) theory involving diatomic molecules

Knowledge of chemical reactions and stoichiometry (21%)

This competency measures a candidate's knowledge regarding chemical reactions and stoichiometry. Test takers must solve issues regarding stoichiometry and pH or pOH of strong acids or bases and balance equations. Candidates should be able to evaluate and predict the impact of various properties on reaction frequency; find the equilibrium constant or the concentration of a reaction species at equilibrium; identify characteristics of different acids and bases, buffer systems, combustion reactions of simple organic compounds, and chemical systems in dynamic equilibrium; analyze various data types; find rate laws; distinguish between the chemical structures of basic biochemical compounds; and identify molecular formulas from experimental data.

Knowledge of atomic theory and structure (12%)

Test takers must have knowledge regarding atomic theory and structure. In order to demonstrate this, candidates must have the ability to effectively utilize the periodic table and recognize the main characteristics of waves and particles, dual nature of matter, and nuclear fission and fusion. Test takers should balance simple nuclear equations and solve issues involving radioactive decay with the quantifiable quantities received. Electron density distribution diagrams may be a part of the exam and test takers will be required to identify characteristics for s, p, and d orbitals (such as nodes and shapes). Finally, candidates must be able to predict the impacts of energy quantization at the atomic level.

Knowledge of the nature of science (10%)

This competency requires that test takers acquire knowledge of the nature of science. Candidates may demonstrate this knowledge by recognizing and analyzing the characteristics of scientific inquiry and experimental design. This competency also requires the analyzation of graphical data to draw valid inferences and knowledge of quantitative (data that resembles numeric data) and qualitative data (data primarily comprised of words instead of numbers). Test takers may see this data in the form of diagrams or graphs on the exam and should be able to interpret titration data. Competence is measured more broadly in this section, requiring knowledge of experimental design as a whole as well as the historical development of science.

Knowledge of measurement (10%)

Knowledge of measurement is vital in order to do well in this portion of the exam. Candidates must alternate units for different types of dimensional qualities and have the ability to define these units in a mathematical expression utilizing the correct prefixes. Test takers should apply scientific notation, solve multi-level issues involving dimensional analysis, and compare Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin temperature scale. Candidates must acquire the ability to differentiate between accuracy and precision and between systematic and random error in order to apply the correct number of significant figures in measurements or calculations. Problems in the exam could be multistep and involve dimensional analysis for the test takers to solve.

Knowledge of appropriate laboratory use and procedures (5%)

In order to demonstrate knowledge of proper laboratory use and procedures, test takers must identify the following in this section: proper chemistry laboratory procedures for the safe storage, use, and discarding of materials and equipment; the appropriate laboratory gear, depending on the procedure to be performed; the emergency processes and safety equipment required in the chemistry laboratory and classroom; and the areas of teacher responsibility in chemistry-related events. Candidates should be familiar with applicable guidelines to laboratory safety and adaptations for students with special needs.

FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Test Registration and Logistics

In order for candidates to receive their Florida teacher certification in Chemistry, they must register for the FTCE exam.

  1. Log in to one's FTCE/FELE account. First-time users will be required to create an account.
  2. Click Register for the FTCE/FELE to select a test, answer background questions, and agree to testing policies.
  3. Under Open Registrations, click Schedule to select the test site, date, and time (these factors will vary).
  4. Submit your payment of $150 using a credit, debit, or check card (VISA, MasterCard, or American Express).

Test costs

Test takers must pay the FTCE test cost amounting to $150 in order to register for the FTCE Chemistry 6-12 exam. Retakes also require candidates to pay the $150 fee again.

Test sites

Because this exam is computer-based, there are various FTCE testing locations throughout Florida and nationwide. During registration, test takers will pick where to take the FTCE based on available sites.

Exam dates

Exam dates can be chosen by appointment year-round. When registering, test takers will also choose their FTCE test dates based on availability.

Session length

Candidates must complete the exam within 2 hours and 30 minutes (including any bathroom breaks), equating to about 1 minute and 45 seconds per question.

Passing score

To pass the FTCE Chemistry 6-12 exam, a candidate must reach a scaled score of 200. A scaled score is the common measure in which a candidate's raw score (the number of questions answered correctly) is converted to allow multiple test forms to share a standard minimum passing score. Unofficial pass/non-pass is typically provided immediately after testing. Their FTCE official score report is released within four weeks of testing.

FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Question Types

There are five main question types on the exam as outlined below:

  • Direct question: the best response to a direct question.
  • Graphics: interpret various graphics to determine the best answer
  • Sentence completion: the best option to complete a provided sentence
  • Scenario: respond to questions, make diagnoses, or make recommendations regarding a given scenario.
  • Command: the most appropriate answer to a prompt

FTCE Chemistry 6-12 Test Preparation

Preparing for the FTCE Chemistry 6-12 exam involves building or using an online FTCE Chemistry study guide, taking FTCE Chemistry practice tests, and of course getting a good night's rest and eating well just before the actual test.

An FTCE Chemistry 6-12 study guide allows test takers to gain an understanding of the content needed, and taking an FTCE practice test helps examinees to identify their own strengths and weaker points, measure progress after studying, and to simulate test day, including pacing their timing in answering all 85 questions. Candidates should try focusing on the section(s) in which they scored the least and review any necessary material to increase their understanding of the particular FTCE subject area.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is a chemistry certification?

    The Florida Teacher Certification Exam is required of those who received a bachelor's degree from a Florida state-approved program and wish to become an educator. Those who passed the general FTCE and wish to become a chemistry teacher must receive chemistry certification by taking and passing the FTCE Chemistry 6-12 exam.

  • What is ABCC certification?

    The American Board of Clinical Chemistry is a nonprofit agency devoted to certification of individuals with doctoral level degrees in chemistry-related disciplines. Candidates must meet numerous requirements including educational requirements and professional experience requirements, and passing of the ABCC exam.


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  1. Which of the following would not be characterized as a pure substance?
    • Correct Answer
  2. A new compound has been synthesized from a rare plant found in the Amazon Valley. Analysis of the compound has found that it has the chemical formula of C10 H22. How many of the following possible names of this compound can be removed from the list?

    2,3- Diethel-4-methylpentane

    2,3- Dimethyl-4- ethelhexane

    1,3,5- Trimethylhexane

    4- Ethyl-2-methyl-3,6- hexadiene

    • Correct Answer
  3. What would be the correct formula for hypochlorous acid?

    • Correct Answer
  4. A student comments how much he enjoys the Fall of the year since the temperature tends to be around 297. What temperature scale is the student referring to?
    • Correct Answer
  5. Digest the information displayed in the chart. A Kg of iron is placed over an open flame for 20 seconds then immediately placed into a liter of water. How many degrees Celsius would the iron drop as the water increases by one?

    • Correct Answer
  6. Place the following densities from largest to smallest.

    a) 15.0 Kg per 12.0 m3

    b) 137 grams per 0.10 decimeter 3

    c) 15.0 grams per milliliter

    d) 2.70 e -7 kilograms per 327 microliters

    • Correct Answer
  7. If the pressure (in Pascals) of a gas moving through a pipe is divided by the density of the gas and then the square root is taken, what is known about the gas?
    • Correct Answer
  8. A lab technician requires 150. ml of 2.7 M HCl. He retrieves concentrated (12 M) HCl from the stockroom and begins diluting it to the proper concentration and volume. How much water should be added to the acid?
    • Correct Answer
  9. If an excess of silver is dropped in 851 ml of a 0.250 M calcium chloride solution, what mass of new salt could be made?
    • Correct Answer
  10. The empirical formula of a preservative is in relation to 6 moles of carbon to 18 moles of hydrogen to 3 moles of oxygen. The molecular formula mass of the substance is 46 g. What is the multiple needed to determine the molecular formula for this preservative?
    • Correct Answer
  11. The name for the formula CaS would be
    • Correct Answer
  12. Given the following electronegativity values, which compound would have the greatest ionic character? H - 2.2; K - 0.8; Fe - 1.8; Cl - 3.2; O - 3.4
    • Correct Answer
  13. This graph depicts the pH of a solution and its dependence on the volume of titrant added to the system. Which of the following would best describe this system?

    • Correct Answer
  14. Which particle causes fission to be a self-propagating process?
    • Correct Answer
  15. A company is researching the possibility of developing a new carbonated drink that requires a greater concentration of carbonation than the current process will allow. The problem has been pinpointed to a vessel that holds the material during process.  A heat-exchanger has been added to the influx line.  Which of the following would enhance the ability of the material to dissolve a greater concentration of carbonation?
    • Correct Answer